Your Orthodontic Problems Explained
When the teeth are not in proper alignment, it is referred to as malocclusion. There are several different types of malocclusion, which can lead to more serious issues if left untreated. At Roy Orthodontics, each treatment plan is personalized to address the unique problems of each individual. Our goal is to give you a smile that is beautifully balanced, functional, and healthy. Want your common orthodontic problems explained? Read on.
If the jawbone is underdeveloped or too small, it will not be able to properly accommodate the teeth. When this occurs, the teeth will be forced together as they try to find space. It is extremely difficult to clean between crowded teeth. As a result, those with this orthodontic condition are more prone to dental problems such as gum disease and tooth decay.
Spacing between the Teeth
In contrast to crowded teeth, spacing between the teeth occurs when the jawbone is too large. With plenty of room for the teeth to spread out, there are often large gaps between them. This can create food traps, where plaque deposits can accumulate.
Sometimes referred to as a deep bite, an overbite is present when the upper teeth significantly overlap the lower teeth. In severe instances, the lower teeth can even touch the roof of the mouth. Aesthetically, this condition can cause the face to appear short and the chin to appear too small. An overbite can lead to tooth erosion and TMJ issues if left untreated.
Conversely, an underbite is indicated when the lower jaw reaches beyond the upper jaw when in a naturally closed position. This causes the lower teeth to slightly overlap the upper teeth. If left untreated, an underbite can cause the same oral health issues as an overbite.
Often called an overjet, protrusion of the upper front teeth makes them more susceptible to trauma. This condition can be caused by thumb-sucking or prolonged pacifier or bottle use. In many cases, the roof of the mouth changes shape as the teeth are pushed outward.
If some teeth of one arch rest outside the opposing teeth, and the rest of the teeth rest inside, you have a cross bite. For example, if the upper teeth rest outside the lower teeth on the left side, and the opposite is true on the right side, a cross bite is present. This condition can lead to tooth erosion and difficulties when chewing.
An open bite is present if there is a large gap between your upper teeth and lower teeth when you bite down. For example, even though the molars fit together, there is still an opening between the dental arches at the front of the mouth.
Rotation occurs when a tooth tips or turns out of its proper position. This creates an issue with the way the teeth fit together, causing excessive wear and tear and other dental problems.
Occasionally, a tooth will erupt or grow where another one should be. For example, if a lateral erupts where a canine should be, and the canine erupts where the lateral should be, it is referred to as transposition. This condition will have a significant negative impact on the way the teeth fit together.
Contact Us to Learn More
If you notice any of these orthodontic problems in your child’s smile or your own smile, schedule a consultation with Dr. Carl Roy. He can help you determine the cause of your malocclusion and design a custom treatment plan to correct it. You can call us in Virginia Beach or Chesapeake, or contact us online anytime.